In a limited labour market for 캐나다 밤알바 women, the sexual workers highlighted highly compensated earnings, as well as forms of autonomy and flexibility offered by sexual sector employment. It is in the context of a formal labour market that women are making decisions regarding employment within the sector. Women working in Japans sex industry are deeply concerned with the risks that come with working in a sector that has little in the way of protections.
Hostess jobs are some of the most profitable jobs available to women, and as Japan enters into recession, the positions available to housekeepers are becoming more sought after. Atsushi Miura, a specialist in this field, says that hostesses will remain popular with Japanese women so long as there are few other high-paying jobs. The jobs are becoming more viewed as glamorous and desirable, according to the piece, as Japans bleak economy offers fewer opportunities to younger women, not to mention at the relatively higher salaries hostesses can command.
For work, an increasing number of Japanese women appear to think hosting — which can easily pay $100,000 per year, or up to $300,000 for top stars — makes financial sense. The average wage is around 1000 yen an hour for these positions, so no wonder for single women, and even married women, hosting is a far more profitable option. While many of Kyabakuras hosts see hostessing as a career that pays better than a number of other jobs that are available for those without a great deal of education or special skills, there are university students working part-time jobs at Kyabakura in order to make spending money or help cover their tuition.
Kyabakura hosts may be considered a modern-day equivalent to geishas, providing entertainment for groups of wage workers after work. The hosts in these clubs provided entertainment for older men, who did not like the very young girls, preferring women who were closer to their own ages. In Japan, in addition to the hostesses clubs, a large number of clubs catering to womens populations are also available.
Hostess clubs are a common feature in Japans late-night entertainment scene, East Asian countries, and other areas with large Japanese populations. Hostess clubs and hosts are considered to be a part of the Mizu Shobai (literally, water trading), a business in the Japanese night-time entertainment business. In Tokyo alone, around 13,000 venues provide nightly entertainment with hosts (and a few with men), including members-only clubs frequented by politicians and corporate executives, and cheaper clubs offering stand-up comedy.
While most establishments have men advertising on the street to attract customers, the responsibility can fall on the (usually newly arrived) hostess to do the same. A hosts club (hosutokurabu, Hosutokurabu) is like a hosts club, except that the women customers are paying to be served by the men. Hosutokurabu serves female customers, while kyabakura serves male customers: They share the same business concept, only with a different target.
Typically, the hostess at the kyabakura does not have sexual relations with her customers, and men are forbidden to touch womens breasts or other body parts, but recently, it seems that more places are permitting it. Kyabakura hosts often also hire a female bartender, often highly trained in mixing, and may also be the head of staff or mamasan. A recent article from The New York Times described a Japanese profession, kyabakura, that involves entertaining men at places where customers pay good money to flirt with young women and have drinks with them (services which generally involve no prostitution).
Hostessing does not involve prostitution, though religious and womens groups note that hosts may feel pressured into having sex with customers, and that hosting may be a way to enter the vast, underground Japanese sex industry. There are cases where it is done so legally, but there is always going to be significant male resistance to the idea that the Mizu-shobai industry is a site of class exploitation. Instead of focusing on the hosts, it makes more sense to look at the attitudes of men, who are prepared to pay high prices for being entertained, served, and catered by women in short skirts and wearing heavy make-up.
Many women, however, see hostessing as less demanding than desk jobs, and they especially like that their work allows them to dress up glamorously and to receive consistent recognition of their sex by those of the other gender. One club recruiter said that some women show up for interviews with their mothers in tow, something that never would have happened back when hostsesses were more respected. The men who became hosts were usually ones who could not get a white-collar job, or were attracted to the prospect of higher incomes from commissions.
While the clubs hostess roles are obviously gendered, in how women provide services to men, studies also have revealed the complexities of the internal gender dynamics, and at times even the tensions, between hosts, as well as how male customers frequently serve to alleviate problems among hosts, and among hosts and mom-sans. These conditions create greater pressures on women to build economic independence, but for women with lower levels of education and lower levels of social capital–both outcomes of a nonurban working-class background–the hostess occupation is one of the few jobs that offer higher incomes and independence at younger ages. At one extreme, hosts include upscale clubs of the Ginza area; at another extreme, they are sex workers from immigrants who are subjected to conditions of indentured servitude.
Women working in the sex industry in Tokyo appreciate the caring that they are providing because of what they perceive to be their contributions to the welfare and productivity of male, white-collar workers. These facts tend to undercut economic empowerment arguments, namely that the sex worker industry is a good social welfare system, which transfers money from corporations (via entertainment budgets) and from middle-class men to working-class women.
The hostess club where one of my friends worked had mainly Filipino girls work there, including two mamas who ran the place. One clubs recruiter gets around 40 requests per week from women looking for hostess jobs, double what it was before the downturn.